Land Conflicts

Land Conflicts

A “land conflict” involves competing claims to large areas of land by groups, of a breadth and depth not easily resolved within existing law.

Conflict is a major cause and, in some cases, result of humanitarian crises. Conflict frequently overlaps with underlying social inequalities, poverty and high levels of vulnerability. Conflicts are direct threats to food security as they cause massive loss of life and therefore loss of workforce (which is particularly important, as agriculture tends to rely heavily on human labour), loss of vital livestock, and loss of land. Conflicts displace millions of people each year, often forcing them to flee with nothing and making them extremely reliant on the communities that offer them shelter and humanitarian aid. This can place unsustainable pressure on hosting communities that often face high levels of food insecurity and struggle to make ends meet [1].


 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Media

    Latest News

    18 October 2017
    Colombia

    The community council in the area has repeatedly denounced human rights violations against the Afro-Colombian, Mestizo and Indigenous peasants in the region.

    A Colombian social leader, Jose Jair Cortes, was murdered in a rural area of Tumaco municipality located in the southwest department of Narino. 

    Jair Cortes, a member of the local council of the Alto Mira and Frontera Community, was killed in a sector called Y, located in the heart of the city of Tumaco. The social leader was one of seven community leaders to receive death threats in recent months. 

    18 October 2017
    Australia

    The pioneers of the Aboriginal land rights movement in the Kimberley are working off a faded photograph to try to identify people who took part in the Noonkanbah land rights protests, which galvanised Indigenous resistance in the region almost 40 years ago.

    The iconic image was taken in 1978 and shows dozens of Aboriginal people marching across the dusty paddocks of Noonkanbah Station, in protest against plans by American company AMEX to drill for oil near sacred sites.

    12 October 2017
    Global

    Deaths of environmental activists locked in conflict with mining, logging and agricultural companies across three continents has passed 150

    • Interactive: recording the deaths of environmental activists around the world

    The number of people killed this year while defending their community’s land, natural resources or wildlife has passed 150 – meaning 2017 is on course to be the deadliest year on record.

    9 October 2017
    Colombia

    At least six people have been killed and over 50 injured during clashes between farmers and security forces in the southwestern municipality of Tumaco.

    Versions of the incident that occurred on the morning of October 5 vary considerably with civil society organisations accusing police of opening fire against coca farmers in Tumaco who were protesting the forced eradication of their crops. Authorities are contradicting these statements, claiming the protest was in fact orchestrated by FARC dissidents who opened fire and launched cylinder bombs against the police and military.

    Latest Blogs

    South America
    Brazil

       |   19 .07. 2017   |   LINDSAY BIGDA, RRI COMMUNICATIONS OFFICER

    In Brazil, indigenous and Afro-descendant communities face unprecedented threats to their hard-won territorial and constitutional rights.

    Global

    By Mike Powell, Development Information Specialist, facilitator of monitoring and evaluative processes with the Land Portal and volunteer member of its Technical Advisory Group​

    Africa

     

    This blog originally appeared on UNDP

    16 Jun 2017 by Phemo Kgomotso, Regional Technical Specialist, Ecosystems and Biodiversity, UNDP Regional Service Centre for Africa

    Would forced migration end, if people knew that they could survive and thrive in their homeland?

    Latest Events

    9 May 2017 to 12 May 2017

    Location

    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais
    Brazil
    BR
    Brazil

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    5 April 2017 to 6 April 2017

    Location

    India International Centre 110003 New Delhi
    India
    IN
    India

    Land Governance for Accelerated and Inclusive Development

    5-6 April, 2017, New Delhi, India

     

     

    16 March 2017

    Location

    Bogotá
    Colombia
    CO
    Colombia

    El 16 y 17 de marzo, el Instituto de Estudios Ambientales de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia presentará el Observatorio de Conflictos Ambientales en la Sede Bogotá. El OCA hará seguimiento, análisis y sistematización, a los conflictos asociados a los proyectos minero - energéticos y de agroindustria en el país, y con ello contribuirá a la labor de defensa de los territorios que hacen las comunidades que viven los conflictos.

    First Mekong Region Land Forum, Hanoi, 21 to 23 June 2016
    21 June 2016 to 23 June 2016

    Location

    Hanoi
    Vietnam
    VN
    Cambodia
    Laos
    Myanmar
    Vietnam

    MRLG, GIZ and IPSARD are pleased to announce that they will organize the first Mekong Region Land Forum in Hanoi, on 21st to 23rd of June

    Debates

    Open
    22 September 2017 to 1 October 2017
    Facilitators
    Fiona Flintan
    Babatunde Ajao
    Kenya
    Tanzania
    Nigeria

    The PROCASUR Corporation in Africa in collaboration with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) have partnered with the International Land Coalition, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the Land Portal Foundation and Resource Conflict Institute (RECONCILE) to present the Learning Initiative: Innovative practices and tools to reduce land use conflicts between farmers and livestock keepers, taking place in Kenya and Tanzania, between the 22nd September and 1st October 2017 under the framework of the PROCASUR-IFAD Programme “Strengthening Capacities and tools

    Open
    22 August 2017 to 29 September 2017
    Facilitators
    LIZAHMY
    Monica
    Global
    Kenya

    Background

    From August 22nd to September 15th 2017  the Land Development  and Governance Institute (LDGI) and Land Portal Foundation will co- facilitate an online debate that will involve the contribution of major stakeholders focusing on contemporary Kenyan land governance issues.

    Closed
    5 June 2017 to 16 June 2017
    Facilitators
    Godfrey Massay
    Lukasz Czerwinski
    Global
    Tanzania

    From June 5-16, 2017, Landesa and the Land Portal will co-facilitate a dialogue through which a variety of stakeholders will contribute to discussion on the principles and practices of land-based investments, with a focus on the Tanzanian context. This is intended as part of the broader conversation on responsible investment in land principles, guidelines and practices that has proliferated since, at least, the 2009 food crisis and subsequent ‘land grabs’ that swept the global south

    Closed
    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Facilitators
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Bolivia
    Colombia
    Ecuador
    Paraguay
    Peru

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 791
    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    December 2017
    Philippines
    Eastern Asia
    Oceania

    It is acknowledged that conflict over land is a major source of violence in various parts of Mindanao, particularly the prosed Bangsamoro region. Historical accounts trace the root cause of land issues and identity-based conflict to the introduction of the Regalian doctrine of land ownership by Spanish colonizers. During the American colonial regime at the turn of the 20th century, dispossession of land held by the original inhabitants of Mindanao accelerated, with an emphasis of titling lands for private ownership that clashed with the tradition of ancestral domain.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    October 2017
    Global
    Africa
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Asia

    Legally recognized and secure land and resource rights are fundamental to the advancement of global peace, prosperity, and sustainability. From the development of human cultures to the realization of democracy itself, tenure security underpins the very fabric of human society and our relationship to the natural environment. Today, insecure tenure rights threaten the livelihoods and wellbeing of a third of the world’s population, and with it, the very future of our planet.

    Land of Sorrow: Human rights violations at Myanmar’s Myotha Industrial Park cover image
    Reports & Research
    September 2017
    Myanmar

    (Paris, Yangon) Myanmar may soon face a land conflict epidemic as a result of the growing influx of investments and the consequent demand for land, unless laws and policies that adequately address land rights issues are urgently adopted and implemented, FIDH warned in a new report published today.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September 2017
    Mozambique

    A mineração artesanal, vulgarmente conhecida como garimpo, constituiu uma actividade de extracção de minérios, realizada com tecnologia rudimentar e sem equipamentos de sondagem, requerendo, por isso, o investimento de pouco capital. A mineração artesanal é, normalmente, realizada na informalidade, na maioria dos casos sem licença de exploração, num processo por vezes itinerante e realizado por grupos independentes.

    Conference Papers & Reports
    September 2017
    Global
    Africa
    South Africa
    Ireland
    Germany
    Netherlands

    The Groningen Centre for Law and Governance (GCLG) and the University of Cape Town collaborated with the Global Land Tool Network and True Price to convene the fourth annual colloquium on Expropriation Law in Cape Town. The annual meetings of this project concentrate on narrowly defined aspects of expropriation, and facilitate discussion amongst international academics and other experts on shared issues in Expropriation Law. The project gives delegates the opportunity to participate on the global platform, alongside leading scholars in the field of expropriation law.